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    背起來:大學英語六級寫譯高頻詞

    2022-03-17 14:16 點擊:次 【字號

    大學六級寫譯高頻詞

    動詞

    1. 強調 stress/emphasize/underline

    2. 象征 represent / stand for / symbolize / signify

    3. 經歷 undergo/experience/go through

    4. 要求,需要 require/demand/request

    5. 升級 upgrade

    6. 使用,利用 use/utilize/make use of

    7. 反映 reflect

    8. 吸引 attract/fascinate

    9. 加強 strengthen/enhance/reinforce

    10. 描述,描繪 portray/depict/describe

    11. 改善,完善 improve/better/perfect

    12. 促進 promote/facilitate/advance/further

    13. 建造 construct/build

    14. 減少 reduce/cut down

    15. 展現 reveal/show/exhibit/display

    16. 參加,出席 join/attend/participate in/enter into

    17. 創立,建立 found/establish/set up

    18. 繁榮,興旺 boom/flourish/prosper

    19. 超過 exceed/surpass/overtake

    20. 消除 eliminate/remove/eradicate

    名詞

    1. 演變,發展 evolvement/development

    2. 改進,改善,提高 improvement / reforming / enrichment

    3. 文化 culture/civilization

    4. 技術 technology/skill/technique

    5. 文學 literature

    6. 航行 voyage/sailing/navigation

    7. 設施,設備 facility/equipment/device

    8. 貧困 poverty

    9. 創新 innovation

    10. 朝代 dynasty

    11. 安全 safety/security

    12. 企業家 entrepreneur

    13. 發源地 birthplace

    14. 交流 exchange/communication

    15. 城市化 urbanization

    形容詞

    1. 先進的 advanced/progressive

    2. 獨特的,特別的 unique / distinctive/particular

    3. 不同的,多種多樣的 different / various/diverse

    4. 著名的 famous/well-known/noted

    5. 流行的,受歡迎的 popular / fashionable / widespread

    6. 相似的 similar

    7. 傳統的 traditional/conventional

    8. 顯著的,杰出的 prominent/remarkable

    9. 歷史性的 historic

    10. 文化的 cultural

    11. 重要的 important / significant / vital/crucial

    12. 許多,眾多的 many/numerous/multiple

    13. 國家的,國民的,民族的 national

    14. 典型的 typical/representative

    15. 燦爛的,輝煌的 brilliant / splendid / glorious

    16. 農村的 rural

    17. 皇家的,王室的 royal/imperial

    18. 繁榮的 flourishing/prosperous/booming

    19. 穩定的 stable/steady/stabilized

    20. 前所未有的 unprecedented

    副詞

    1. 通常、頻繁地 usually / generally / frequently / constantly

    2. 明顯地 apparently/obviously/distinctly

    3. 廣泛地 widely/far andwide/generally

    4. 主要地,大體上 mainly/primarily/basically

    5. 嚴厲地 severely/strictly/seriously

    6. 大幅度地,快速 sharply/rapidly

    7. 同時 simultaneously/meanwhile

    8. 當前,目前 currently

    9. 越來越多地 increasingly

    短語

    1. 被視為 be regarded/considered/seen as

    2. 作出貢獻 make contributions to

    3. 相繼 in succession/one after another

    4. 據估計 It is estimated that/according to the estimates/It is considered that

    5. 大量的 a large number of(+ 可數名詞 )/a good deal of/a large amount of (+ 不可數名詞 )

    6. 涉足 set foot in/be involved in

    7. 改革開放 reform and opening up

    8. 越來越多的 more and more/an increasing number of/a growing number of

    9. 用于 be used as/serve as

    10. 在 …… 中起作用,扮演 …… 角色 play a role in

    11. 歸因于,歸功于 be attributed to

    12. 據說 It is said that

    13. 努力做某事 strive to do/make efforts to do/work hard at

    14. 屈從 submit to/yield to

    15. 坐落 be located/be situated (+ 介詞 )

    16. 以 …… 而出名 be famous for/be well-known for/be noted for

    17. 不僅 …… 而且 …… not only...but also...

    18. 重視 pay attention to/attach importance to/lay stress on

    19. 同時 at the same time/in the meantime

    20. 導致 result in/lead to/bring about/give rise to

    21. 被列為 be listed as/be classified as

    22. 占(比例) account for

    23. 源于 originate from/come from

    24. 在 …… 方面 in terms of/in the aspect of

    二、常用詞高級替換,寫譯瞬間高大上

    重要的 important

    ❶ vital ['vaɪt(ə)l]

    She had found out some information of vital importance.

    她已經發現了一些至關重要的信。

    ❷ crucial ['kruːʃ(ə)l]

    It is crucial that the problem is tackled immediately.

    立即著手解決這個問題是至關重要的。

    ❸ prominent ['prɒmɪnənt]

    This considerable increase in investment played a prominent role in fueling economic growth.

    投資的較大幅度增加,對拉動經濟增長發揮了明顯作用。

    ❹ cardinal ['kɑːd(ɪ)n(ə)l]

    Respect for life is a cardinal principle of English law.

    尊重生命是英國法律最重要的原則。

    優秀的 good

    ❶ excellent ['eks(ə)l(ə)nt]

    She has always had a high reputation for her excellent short stories.

    她一直因其優秀的短篇小說享有很高的聲望。

    ❷ outstanding [aʊt'stændɪŋ]

    The girl who won the scholarship was quite outstanding.

    得獎學金的女孩是相當優秀的。

    ❸ extraordinary [ɪkˈstrɔːdnri]

    Her strength of will was extraordinary.

    她的意志力是非凡的。

    ❹ remarkable [rɪ'mɑːkəb(ə)l]

    The economic diplomacy of China is characterized by distinctive features and remarkable achievements.

    中國的經濟外交具有鮮明的特點和卓越的成就。

    有趣的 interesting

    ❶ amusing [ə'mjuːzɪŋ]

    Do not hesitate to laugh at anything you find amusing.

    只要覺得好笑就盡管笑。

    ❷ entertaining [entə'teɪnɪŋ]

    This is an entertaining yet thought-provoking film.

    這部電影令人捧腹,卻又發人深省。

    ❸ engaging [ɪn'geɪdʒɪŋ]

    His engaging personality made him popular with his peers.

    他迷人的個性使他深受同齡人的喜愛。

    有活力的 energetic

    ❶ dynamic [daɪ'næmɪk]

    South Asia continues to be the most dynamic economic region in the world.

    南亞仍然是世界上最具活力的經濟區。

    ❷ vigorous ['vɪg(ə)rəs]

    We urge vigorous action to be taken immediately.

    我們強烈要求立即采取有力措施。

    ❸ animated ['ænɪmeɪtɪd]

    His observations gave rise to an animated and lively discussion.

    他的言論引起了一場氣氛熱烈而活躍的討論。

    充足的 abundant

    ❶ ample ['æmp(ə)l]

    Agriculture has developed rapidly, thus providing light industry with ample raw materials.

    農業迅速發展,從而為輕工業提供了充足的原料。

    ❷ plentiful ['plentɪfʊl]

    Hot climate and plentiful rainfall favor the growth of plants.

    炎熱的氣候和充足的雨水有助于植物生長。

    ❸ generous ['dʒen(ə)rəs]

    No one is expecting a very generous pay increase this year.

    沒有人指望今年會有大幅度的工資增長。

    勇敢的 brave

    ❶ courageous [kə'reɪdʒəs]

    The pioneers are courageous indeed, overcoming one difficulty after another.

    這些開拓者的確有勇氣,他們克服了一個又一個的困難。

    ❷ bold [bəʊld]

    Big, successful moves need bold, masterful managers.

    重大而成功的舉措需要既大膽又善于控制局勢的經理來實施。

    ❸ fearless ['fɪəlɪs]

    To go in for technical innovation, one must have the fearless spirit of a pathbreaker.

    搞技術革新就要有一股不怕困難的闖勁。

    合理的 reasonable

    ❶ sound [saʊnd]

    She gave me some very sound advice.

    她給了我一些非常合理的建議。

    ❷ rational ['ræʃ(ə)n(ə)l]

    There is no rational explanation for his actions.

    對他的所作所為無法作出合理的解釋。

    ❸ sensible ['sensɪb(ə)l]

    It would seem more sensible to apply standards flexibly rather than rigidly.

    靈活地運用標準比死守標準會顯得更合情合理。

    著名的 famous

    ❶ renowned [rɪ'naʊnd]

    The region is renowned for its outstanding natural beauty.

    該地區以其無以倫比的自然風景聞名于世。

    ❷ noticeable ['nəʊtɪsəb(ə)l]

    The class has made noticeable improvement.

    這個班已有引人注目的進步。

    ❸ notable ['nəʊtəb(ə)l]

    The book stands out as one of the notable landmarks in the progress of modern science.

    這部著作是現代科學發展史上著名的里程碑之一。

    有益的 helpful

    ❶ favorable ['feɪvərəbl]

    Such events occur only when the external conditions are favorable.

    這種事情只有在外部條件有利時才會發生。

    ❷ beneficial [benɪ'fɪʃ(ə)l]

    It can be beneficial to share your feelings with someone you trust.

    向自己信任的人傾訴感情是很有益處的。

    ❸ rewarding [rɪ'wɔːdɪŋ]

    It is a very rewarding exercise to work this out oneself.

    獨自解決這個問題是一次受益匪淺的鍛煉。

    許多 many

    ❶ numerous ['njuːm(ə)rəs]

    Numerous factories have sprung up in this once desolate area.

    過去這一帶滿目蒼涼, 現在卻有了無數的工廠。

    ❷ a host of

    The special theory of relativity has raised a host of questions.

    狹義相對論引出了許多問題。

    ❸ multitude of

    I was awed by the multitude of stars in the night sky.

    夜空中的繁星震撼了我。

    不同的 different

    ❶ various ['veərɪəs]

    These data have been collected from various sources.

    這些數據是從各方面搜集來的。

    ❷ a variety of

    A variety of heavy industries grew up alongside the port.

    各種重工業沿著港口逐漸發展起來。

    ❸ diverse [daɪ'vɜːs]

    People hold diverse attitudes toward these new regulations.

    人們對于這些新規定抱有不同的態度。

    普遍的 common

    ❶ commonplace ['kɒmənpleɪs]

    Yet on the most commonplace occasion I can never know your thoughts.

    然而即便在最普通的事情上我也琢摸不透你的心思。

    ❷ universal [juːnɪ'vɜːs(ə)l]

    Such problems are a universal feature of senior citizens.

    這類問題是老年人的通病。

    ❸ pervasive [pə'veɪsɪv]

    It is the most pervasive compound on earth.

    它是地球上最普遍的化合物。

    唯一的 only

    ❶ solely ['səʊllɪ]

    Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.

    成功與否不應只用學業成績來衡量。

    ❷ unique [juː'niːk]

    The examples are unique to this dictionary.

    這些例證是這部詞典獨有的。

    ❸ merely ['mɪəlɪ]

    You are merely reciting facts that you have learned by rote.

    你只是在背誦自己死記硬背下來的東西。

    貧窮的 poor

    ❶ needy ['niːdɪ]

    Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.

    窮人和殘疾人依靠政府的救濟維持生計。

    ❷ impoverished [ɪm'pɒvərɪʃt]

    The rural people have been impoverished by a collapsing economy.

    經濟崩潰使農村地區的人們一貧如洗。

    ❸ in poverty

    He was bred up in poverty.

    他是在貧苦的生活環境中長大的。

    富裕的 rich

    ❶ wealthy ['welθɪ]

    All of them came from wealthy, upper class families.

    他們全部來自富有的上流社會家庭。

    ❷ well-heeled ['wel'hi:ld]

    Both families are reasonably well-heeled and comfortably-off.

    兩家人都相當富有,都生活得很舒適。

    ❸ well-to-do

    She comes from a well-to-do family.

    她出身于一個小康之家。

    大的 big

    ❶ vast [vɑːst]

    The pollution has already turned vast areas into a wasteland.

    污染已經使大片地區淪為不毛之地。

    ❷ massive ['mæsɪv]

    We needed to reskill our workforce to cope with massive technological change.

    我們得讓工人學習新技能,以應對巨大的技術變革。

    ❸ enormous [ɪ'nɔːməs]

    The enormous difficulty makes him cynical about the feasibility of the idea.

    巨大的困難讓他對這個主意是否可行持懷疑態度。

    新的 new

    ❶ brand-new

    Net Electronic Map has become a brand-new way for showing the geographic information.

    網上電子地圖已成為一種全新的地理信息展示方式。

    ❷ fresh [freʃ]

    The company set to make a fresh start under a new broom.

    公司準備在新任領導的帶領下開創新局面。

    ❸ novel ['nɒv(ə)l]

    Protesters found a novel way of demonstrating against steeply rising oil prices.

    抗議者找到了抗議油價飛漲的新辦法。

    有害的 harmful

    ❶ damaging ['dæmɪdʒɪŋ]

    Many chemicals have a damaging effect on the environment.

    許多化學物質都對環境有破壞性的影響。

    ❷ ruinous ['ruːɪnəs]

    The decision has proved to be ruinous.

    事實證明這個決定造成了危害。

    ❸ destructive [dɪ'strʌktɪv]

    The city witnessed the destructive force of the storm.

    這座城市遭受了這場暴風雨的巨大破壞力。

    困難的 difficult

    ❶ demanding [dɪ'mɑːndɪŋ]

    He found he could no longer cope with his demanding job.

    他發現自己已無力應對這份勞神費力的工作了。

    ❷ laborious [lə'bɔːrɪəs]

    They had the laborious task of cutting down the huge tree.

    他們要完成砍伐大樹的艱苦工作。

    ❸ formidable ['fɔːmɪdəb(ə)l]

    He took on the formidable task of reforming the whole system.

    他承擔起改革整個系統的艱巨任務。

    無聊的 boring

    ❶ dull [dʌl]

    The conference was deadly dull.

    會議開得死氣沉沉的。

    ❷ tiresome ['taɪəs(ə)m]

    I find it very tiresome doing the same job day after day.

    日復一日做相同的工作讓我覺得非常無聊。

    ❸ tedious ['tiːdɪəs]

    He that can read and meditate will not find his evenings long or life tedious.

    會讀書和思考的人不會感到長夜無聊或者生活乏味。

    憂慮的 worried

    ❶ anxious ['æŋ(k)ʃəs]

    He was anxious about the enormity of the task ahead.

    他為眼前任務的艱巨性而感到焦慮。

    ❷ apprehensive [æprɪ'hensɪv]

    The long delay had made me quite apprehensive.

    長時間的耽擱使我相當憂慮。

    ❸ fraught [frɔːt]

    It has been a somewhat fraught day.

    這是令人頗為擔憂的一天。

    沮喪的 sad

    ❶ depressed [dɪ'prest]

    She felt very depressed about the future.

    她感到前途無望。

    ❷ gloomy ['gluːmɪ]

    They found him in gloomy, downbeat mood.

    他們發現他情緒低落,無精打采。

    ❸ frustrated [frʌ'streɪtɪd]

    Both sides in the dispute appeared very frustrated at the lack of progress.

    爭執雙方因事情毫無進展而顯得十分沮喪。

    懷疑的 doubtful

    ❶ skeptical ['skeptɪkəl]

    Many were skeptical about this solution.

    許多人對這一解決辦法表示懷疑。

    ❷ suspicious [sə'spɪʃəs]

    Most organizations are, quite understandably, suspicious of new ideas.

    大多數機構對新想法持懷疑態度,這不難理解。

    ❸ incredulous [ɪn'kredjʊləs]

    She gave me an incredulous glance.

    她表示懷疑地向我瞥了一眼。

     



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